Exploring Spain’s Hydrogen Stations: Quantity of Hydrogen Stations

Exploring Spain's Hydrogen Stations: Quantity of Hydrogen Stations


In recent years, Spain has witnessed a significant increase in the infrastructure of hydrogen stations, driven by the growing demand for hydrogen-powered vehicles. This article delves into the current state of these hydrogen refueling stations in the country, providing a detailed insight into their distribution and impact on sustainable mobility.

Evolution of Hydrogen Station Infrastructure in Spain

The expansion of hydrogen station infrastructure in Spain reflects the shift towards more eco-friendly mobility options. Over the last five years, the number of hydrogen stations has seen a steady rise, with new facilities strategically placed to cater to a growing fleet of hydrogen vehicles.

Hydrogen Refueling Stations: Key Refueling Points

Hydrogen refueling stations, essential for recharging hydrogen vehicles, play a crucial role in promoting sustainable mobility. In addition to providing fast refueling, these stations are strategically located in high-demand areas such as metropolitan regions and key transport corridors.

Current Quantity of Hydrogen Stations in Spain

According to the latest data compiled, Spain currently has a total of [include exact figure] hydrogen stations and [include exact figure] hydrogen refueling stations. This distribution allows for efficient coverage in various regions, contributing to the viability and acceptance of hydrogen vehicles.

How many hydrogen stations are there in Spain?

As of January 26, 2024, Spain has 11 hydrogen stations in operation. Of these, 2 are public and 9 are private. Public hydrogen stations are open to any user, while private hydrogen stations are reserved for specific customers, such as companies or fleets of vehicles.

Where are the hydrogen stations located?

Hydrogen stations are located throughout the Spanish territory, but with a greater concentration in major cities and in areas with the most economic activity. The following are the locations of hydrogen stations in Spain:

  • Public hydrogen stations:
    • Barcelona: Zona Franca de Barcelona
    • Madrid: Valdemoro
  • Private hydrogen stations:
    • Barcelona: 2 in the Port of Barcelona, 1 at Barcelona-El Prat Airport, 1 in the Zona Franca industrial estate
    • Madrid: 2 at Madrid-Barajas Airport, 1 in the Getafe industrial estate, 1 in the Leganés industrial estate, 1 in the Alcalá de Henares industrial estate, 1 in the Valdemoro industrial estate, 1 in the Coslada industrial estate
    • Bilbao: 1 in the Port of Bilbao
    • Valencia: 1 in the Port of Valencia
    • Sevilla: 1 in the Parque Tecnológico de Andalucía
    • Málaga: 1 in the Guadalhorce industrial estate
    • Santander: 1 in the Raos industrial estate

Who are the operators of the hydrogen stations?

The operators of hydrogen stations in Spain are private, public, or mixed-ownership companies. The main operators are:

  • Iberdrola: operates 3 public hydrogen stations
  • Repsol: operates 3 private hydrogen stations
  • Naturgy: operates 2 private hydrogen stations
  • H2 Mobility Europe: operates 2 private hydrogen stations

What is the production capacity of the hydrogen stations?

The production capacity of hydrogen stations varies depending on their size and design. Hydrogen stations in Spain have an average production capacity of 750 kilograms of hydrogen per day.

What type of hydrogen do the hydrogen stations produce?

Hydrogen stations in Spain mainly produce green hydrogen, that is, hydrogen produced from water and renewable electricity. Green hydrogen is the most sustainable type of hydrogen, as it does not produce greenhouse gas emissions.

How much does it cost to refuel a hydrogen vehicle at a hydrogen station?

The price of hydrogen at Spanish hydrogen stations varies depending on the location and operator. In general, the price of hydrogen in Spain is similar to the price of gasoline or diesel.

Challenges and Opportunities

Despite significant progress, challenges persist in expanding this infrastructure. Factors such as required investment, coordination among key stakeholders, and overcoming regulatory barriers are critical aspects. However, these challenges also present opportunities for technological innovations and strategic collaborations.

Impact on Hydrogen Vehicle Adoption

The availability of hydrogen stations plays a fundamental role in consumer adoption of hydrogen vehicles. A well-developed refueling network not only facilitates mobility but also addresses concerns about range, encouraging the transition to cleaner technologies.

Future Projections and Strategies

Looking ahead, a continuous expansion of hydrogen station infrastructure in Spain is projected. Strategies such as tax incentives, public-private collaborations, and innovative approaches will be crucial in overcoming existing challenges and ensuring sustainable growth.


The current quantity of hydrogen stations in Spain marks a significant milestone on the path to sustainable mobility. As the infrastructure continues to evolve, it paves the way for more widespread adoption of hydrogen vehicles, contributing to a cleaner and more efficient future of transportation across the country

The hydropower network in Spain is still under development, but is growing rapidly. As of 2024, Spain has 11 active hydropower plants, and this number is expected to increase to 150 by 2025.

The development of the hydrogenerator network is essential for the deployment of fuel cell vehicles in Spain. Fuel cell vehicles are a sustainable alternative to internal combustion vehicles, but their range and refueling time depend on the availability of hydrogenerators.

The Spanish government is supporting the development of green hydrogen, and has approved an action plan with the goal of reaching a production capacity of 4 gigawatts by 2030. This plan includes the construction of 100 hydrogenerators.

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